Our globalised world has increasingly facilitated transnational mobility and free movement of workers. By 2017, global numbers are estimated to reach 56.8 million expatriates1. Expatriates are generally individuals living in a country other than their country of citizenship for various reasons (work, volunteering, education, etc.), often for a limited amount of time. Such work expatriations can create opportunities and challenges related to the private family sphere, including adoption issues. The ISS/IRC does not question the validity of every ‘expatriate adoption’, yet invites all actors to prevent and address the inherent risks linked to such adoptions when they arise.